OECD Regions at a Glance shows how regions and cities contribute to national economic growth and well-being. This edition updates more than 40 region-by-region indicators to assess disparities within countries and their evolution over the past 15 years. The report covers all the OECD member countries and, where data are available, Brazil, People’s Republic of China, Colombia, India, Latvia, Lithuania, Peru, the Russian Federation and South Africa.
New to this edition:
- A comprehensive picture of well-being in the 391 OECD regions based on 11 aspects that shape people's lives: income, jobs, housing, education, health, environment, safety, civic engagement and governance, access to services, social connections, and life satisfaction.
- Recent trends in subnational government finances and indicators on how competencies are allocated and co-ordinated across levels of governments.
The report is organised into four chapters plus statistical annexes. The Reader’s Guide provides a description of the way OECD subnational information has developed across a range of topics and different territorial levels, including administrative and economic regions. Chapter 1 offers, for the first time, a comprehensive picture of well-being outcomes across regions, countries, and over time. This assessment is based on a multi-dimensional framework covering 11 dimensions of well-being: income, jobs, housing, health, education, access to services, safety, environment, civic engagement and governance, life satisfaction, and community. A zoom in on how each OECD region performs on the various well-being dimensions is included with interactive graphs available at www.oecdregionalwellbeing.org. Chapter 2 illustrates the regional contribution to national growth, highlights factors driving the competitive edge of regions and shows how these factors are distributed within countries. It also provides comparative analysis of the economic competitiveness and labour market trends in the 281 OECD metropolitan areas. The analysis relies on a common definition of urban areas in OECD countries, consisting of densely populated cities and their lesspopulated surrounding territories linked to the cities by a high level of commuting to work. A new feature in this edition, the report offers insights on the challenges subnational governments perceive for infrastructure investment and documents how financial competencies are allocated across levels of governments. Recent trends in subnational government finances complete Chapter 3. Chapter 4 looks at regional disparities on social inclusion and environmental sustainability, providing new measures of quality of life in regions and demographic changes.