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Conference paper

The evaluation of urban development project by approach of landscape urbanism tenets: the case study of Bowden, Adelaide

Urban planning Cities and towns Adelaide
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apo-nid178751.doc 2.87 MB

Shortage of natural landscape in contemporary cities causes urban environments to lose vibrancy and attractiveness for human inhabitants. Urban development is driven by excessing need for density to accommodate urban dwellers in less energy and infrastructure demanding urban settings. However, urban development – in its business as usual practice – is commonly accompanied by replacing natural landscapes in and around cities with building mass. Landscape urbanism reclaims the vital need to utilize natural landscapes as the core infrastructure of urban development. Principal themes include process over time, horizontal development, environmental adaptation of techniques, natural aesthetical and relationship to people. However, landscape urbanism can result in urban sprawl. Landscape urbanism has the potential to incorporate the need for walkability, density, environmental adaptation and the use of natural landscapes beyond their aesthetical values in designing and retrofitting urban environments. This paper presents 9 tenets for landscape urbanism based on reviewing appropriate literature in this subject. Adelaide metropolitan as a suburban city has a various development projects under “the 30-Year Plan for Greater Adelaide (2010)”. The focus of this plan is on creating a new walkable urban form with a pronounced shift away from continuing Adelaide urban sprawl to building a more livable, competitive and sustainable region. One of these development project is Bowden Urban Village development plan that is the case study of this paper. The Analysis of the pros and cons aspects of the development plan of Bowden have presented with SWOT matrix based on the tenets of landscape urbanism. According to Landscape Urbanism tenets, this project have several advantages and positive aspects. However some weaknesses of this project are lack of attention to the parklands in designing building block in Bowden Development Plan, ecological aspects and more importantly lack of consideration on the ‘Landscape’ as the main concept which results in discontinuity of open spaces and natural landscapes. Based on the analysis on this project, some problems may create threats such as ecological damages and vanishing the history of the site and Bowden industrial themes.

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