A lack of transparency and accountability in the awarding of mining sector licences, permits and contracts – the first stage in the mining value chain – is a root cause of corruption in the mining sector. Yet other initiatives to improve governance and prevent corruption in extractive industries (oil, gas and mining) do not focus fully or exclusively either on the mining sector or this stage of the value chain.
This tool fills this gap by helping users to identify and assess the underlying causes of corruption in mining sector awards – the corruption risks that create opportunities for corruption and thereby undermine the lawful, compliant and ethical awarding of mining sector licences, permits and contracts.
This tool is designed for legal mining. It is not designed for illegal mining, or for the oil and gas sector, which has a distinctive set of risks that are beyond the scope of this tool.
The tool was developed for Transparency International’s Mining for Sustainable Development Programme, which aims to enhance transparency and accountability in the award of mining sector licences, permits and contracts in participating countries. However, the tool can be used by any organisation seeking to identify, assess and mitigate corruption risks in a country’s mining awards process.