This report presents findings on corruption in large scale land-based investments (LSLBIs) in Sub-Saharan Africa, and although it draws on case studies from Sierra Leone and Zambia, its recommendations aim to be applicable across Sub-Saharan Africa.
Conventional, top-down and governance-focused anti-corruption efforts have had limited success in the fight against corruption in developing countries. Consequently, this report contributes to strategic anti-corruption research that develops incentive-driven and high-impact anti-corruption initiatives in specific, development-related economic sectors.
This report focuses on corruption risks in LSLBI investment chains that have a particularly significant potential impact on development outcomes of LSLBIs. It identifies existing incentives for firms to deal with these risks (encouraging non-corrupt practice as a means of maximising profits and avoiding punitive measures, such as prosecution) and formulates ways in which more incentives can be identified. It also makes recommendations on how incentive structures – such as internationally binding anti-corruption legislation designed to shape companies’ behaviour – can be strengthened.