The Australian Government commissioned an Independent Review of the Australian Public Service (APS) to ensure it is fit-for-purpose to serve Australian governments and the Australian people, now and into the future. The APS Review Secretariat engaged The Boston Consulting Group (BCG) to undertake a scenario planning exercise to inform its recommendations. Together we developed four scenarios for the APS in 2030, and identified the key success factors for each scenario. We undertook a high-level gap analysis against the common implications and made recommendations to best prepare the APS for the future. This document summarises the outcomes of that work.