Measuring progress on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health and welfare outcomes relies on consistent, complete, and reliable identification of Indigenous Australians in key data collections. 

Incomplete and inconsistent reporting of Indigenous identification occurs through a combination of Indigenous misclassification by data providers at the point of data collection, and Indigenous people choosing not to identify as Indigenous in certain circumstances.

This report provides an overview of AIHW work on improving Indigenous identification, particularly in enhancing mortality estimation through statistical data linkage.

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