This qualitative case study explored the influences on the capacity of internally displaced communities in Timor-Leste to recover from and adapt to living with risk in the aftermath of the civil and political conflict in 2006-07. Drawing on a framework of vulnerability and resilience, from a humanitarian and social change perspective, semistructured and key informant interviews, focus group discussions and transect walks were undertaken in Dili and Baucau within both IDP and host communities. Additional key informant interviews and documentary data were obtained from Non-Government Organisations (NGOs) and humanitarian agency personnel.
Analysis of the data identified eight major themes and revealed that the communities have concerns regarding governance, lack of demonstrable progress in development, education, youth and future peace and stability in the country. The research also revealed that though the East Timorese have demonstrated remarkable resilience in the past, the prolonged nature of the current displacement has placed many stresses on the community including financial and emotional.