This report examined the associations between socioeconomic status (SES) and hospitalised injury in Australia. It looks at the association between SES and hospitalised injury cases in the most recent data year available (2015–16) and at this association, over time, by age, sex and Indigenous status and by a selection of external causes of injury. The external causes of injury included were Transport crash, Accidental drowning and submersion, Accidental poisoning, falls, injury due to thermal causes, Intentional self-harm and injuries due to Assault.
Overall, the results demonstrated a strong association between SES and hospitalised injury: for those living in the most disadvantaged areas, rates of hospitalised injury were highest, and for those living in the most advantaged areas, rates of injury hospitalisation were lowest. Generally, rates of injury decreased in line with increasing advantage. There were, however, exceptions to this in cases of Accidental drowning and submersion and fall-related injuries.
In cases of Accidental drowning and submersion, the strength of the association between SES and injury hospitalisations was weaker for more advantaged areas. For cases of hospitalised fall-related injury, there was no association between rates of injury and increasing SES advantage.