Report

Government use of artificial intelligence in New Zealand

Final report on phase 1 of the New Zealand Law Foundation’s "Artificial Intelligence and Law in New Zealand" project
Artificial Intelligence (AI) Algorithms Machine learning digital government Criminal justice Online privacy Digital rights management digital access digital security Data breaches Data protection Future of work New Zealand
Description

Artificial intelligence or “AI” encompasses a wide variety of technologies. We focus on “predictive algorithms”, an important class of algorithms that includes machine learning algorithms. The general concept of a “predictive algorithm” is useful for many regulation/oversight purposes, and covers a useful subset of the algorithms referred to as “AI” in recent public discourse. The use of predictive algorithms within the New Zealand government sector is not a new phenomenon. Algorithms such as RoC*RoI in the criminal justice system have been in use for two decades. However, the increasing use of these tools, and their increasing power and complexity, presents a range of concerns and opportunities. The primary concerns around the use of predictive algorithms in the public sector relate to accuracy, human control, transparency, bias and privacy.

Publication Details
Publication place:
Wellington
Publication Year:
2019