Victoria in Future 2012 (or VIF 2012) sets out projections of population and households in and across Victoria. The Spatial Analysis and Research Branch of the Department of Planning and Community Development (DPCD) developed these projections. Previously, DPCD published projections after each national Census, based on that Census year (e.g. VIF 2008 used 2006 as its base year). VIF 2012 improves on this process by providing inter-Censal projections based on the latest available Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) population estimates at 30 June 2011. Victoria in Future projections are based on observable, “on the ground”, changes in the population. A variety of factors influence the population size, age structure and distribution. When changes resulting from policy changes are observed and measured, DPCD’s monitoring tools gather this evidence, and apply it in developing updated projections. Such updates assist the planning and service delivery functions of the Victorian Government.