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This report presents the first national data using the Disability and Wellbeing Monitoring Framework and Indicators developed by the National Health and Medical Research Council Centre of Research Excellence in Disability and Health.

The Monitoring Framework provides a comprehensive structure for measuring and reporting inequalities between people with and without disability in relation to health and the social determinants of health. Baseline indicator data are presented for people aged 18 to 64 years with disability in Australia, making comparisons with people without disability where data are available. Indicator data are disaggregated by gender (female/male). Where possible, data are also reported for the subgroup of people with ‘severe disability’.

This report also highlights gaps and limitations in national data related to people with disability. The list of data gaps in each Framework domain serves as a guide for ongoing efforts in data development to build a more comprehensive evidence base to support closing the disability inequality gap.

Measuring inequality is essential for identifying the barriers faced by people with disability in exercising their human rights. Evidence of disability-related inequalities can inform action to remove barriers and reduce inequalities. Data in this report, and in subsequent reports that monitor change over time, will help to identify policy priorities, inform policy development, evaluate the effectiveness of policies and programs, and hold key actors to account.

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