This report presents findings of a national survey of Australians 16 years and over, conducted in November 2020, to examine Australians’ well-being and resilience within the COVID-19 pandemic context, and the factors that promoted and hindered their well-being and resilience.

Given that COVID-19 is still a concern, and in preparation for future crises, these findings should be considered in the context of recovery and boosting the resilience of all Australians.

In terms of well-being, on average Australians reported normal to moderate levels of anxiety, moderate stress, and mild depression. They also showed moderate to high levels of loneliness that may nonetheless indicate a resilient response. In terms of the factors that promoted or hindered well-being, those who believed that external forces (such as luck) determined their outcomes in life were more likely to be depressed, anxious, stressed and lonely and less resilient as compared to those who believed that they were responsible for their own success. However, interpersonal trust was a consistently protective factor, associated with less depression, anxiety, stress, loneliness and greater resilience.

This study sought to inform mental-health, well-being and resilience strategies developed and propagated by government and non-government agencies and providers. Given the pandemic is not yet over, some of these issues persist today (e.g., declining mental health of younger people) and should be a focus for policy-makers and practitioners alike. The authors hope the findings will help inform the allocation of funding and resources towards improving the well-being and resilience for all Australians.

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