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Emissions as usual: implications for the Safeguard Mechanism of LNG and coal mine projects

Resources industry Economic modelling Emissions reduction Carbon emissions Coal Natural gas Australia

As part of its efforts to meet its 2030 emissions reduction target, the Australian government is reforming the Safeguard Mechanism, one of its main tools for aligning business operations with the country’s climate commitments.

Facilities covered by the Safeguard Mechanism (SGM) accounted for about 27% of Australia’s emissions in 2021. Importantly, these include the production of coal and Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG), accounting for around half of total SGM emissions, and both of which are set to ramp up. In this report, the authors calculate the abatement gap they will create for Australia.

Achieving reductions in this area is an important part of the Albanese Government’s policy framework for meeting Australia’s emissions reduction target of 43% below 2005 levels by 2030.

In this report, the authors examine the implications of committed and proposed developments in the LNG and coal mining sectors for reform of the Safeguard Mechanism.

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