Abstract: The New South Wales (NSW) Office of Environment and Heritage is working in partnership with NSW Department of Planning and Infrastructure to assess Sydney’s vulnerability to climate change and identify opportunities to improve resilience. The project Towards a Resilient Sydney provides an opportunity to identify key impacts and vulnerabilities in Sydney and highlight responses and opportunities to minimise these impacts and improve Sydney’s resilience. Having researched leading cities around the world that are preparing for and responding to the possible impacts of climate change, the Towards a Resilient Sydney project recognises that effective strategic responses require a regional or metropolitan approach to achieve outcomes at wider scales. The project highlights the strengths of local and state governments working collaboratively to build capacity and endorsement for best practice adaptation. Finally, the paper will investigate the relationship between long term strategic land use planning and the future climate, specifically why strategic planning can contribute to the city’s climate change resilience. It will discuss the opportunities for metropolitan strategic planning to consider for Sydney’s vulnerability to climate change.