Concepts of home and homelessness may vary across different communities in Australia. Homelessness in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities cannot be understood without reference to the legacy of colonisation and dispossession. A history of physical and cultural displacement places many Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people at increased risk of homelessness. Concepts of country are fundamental to the culture and identity of many Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Some may not identify as being homeless if they have a spiritual connection to the land they live on, regardless of the type of shelter they live in. Some Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people may experience separation from their traditional land, family or kinship groups as spiritual homelessness.