Metropolitan Canberra: policy plan, development plan

Urban planning Strategic planning Canberra

This metropolitan plan for Canberra was developed in 1984, following a review of the  1970 'Y-plan'.

The purposes of the Metropolitan Planning Report are to:

  • • describe the background to the existing Metropolitan Plan (Y-Plan)
  • • describe the existing land-use structure of the City and the location of key activities
  • • prepare forecasts of future growth and change
  • • predict the future needs of the City based on such forecasts
  • • show how these needs can be accommodated in alternative plans and analyse the implications of the alternatives
  • • describe a preferred strategy for future growth and change indicating the main metropolitan policies and development programmes needed to guide the long-term development of Canberra
  • • describe how the public and private sectors can carry out urban development both jointly and individually

The key issues dealt with in this Report relate to the location and staging of population settlement and employment centres, the provision of major retail facilities, the provision of a metropolitan park through the establishment of a National Capital Open Space System and the provision of a metropolitan road network and public transport system. Related key issues are the preservation of the natural environment, in particular the preservation of the Murrumbidgee River and the land immediately to the west in Tuggeranong, the need to ensure adequate air and water quality and the costs associated with maintaining and protecting the intrinsic value of the existing built environment, in particular the Central Area which contains the main activities of the Parliament and the government.

While this Report discusses many of these issues and proposes steps to resolve them through forward planning, development programmes and policies, several issues remain unresolved. The Commission recognises that ultimately certain of these remaining issues involve political decisions which must be made by governments, influenced to some extent by the Commission’s technical assessments and community opinion and representation. Other issues, such as redevelopment of inner-city areas are referred to in the Report, but not conclusively dealt with because by their very nature, they demand an iterative approach to the formulation of detailed planning policies and development control.

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