The Commission and the World Economic Forum have produced this White Paper to expand on that question posed in the Commission’s Issues Paper. Based on early analysis of data received by the Commission, this White Paper starts with the hypothesis that Australia needs to match the rising levels of innovation in AI technologies with innovation in AI governance, and focuses on the practical challenge of exploring what that might look like. The White Paper, therefore, focuses on one key question: whether Australia needs an organisation to take a central role in promoting responsible innovation in AI and related technology.
This White Paper proposes an approach to AI and associated technologies that is forward-looking and agile, while simultaneously fostering innovation and human rights. It starts with the hypothesis that Australia needs to match the rising levels of innovation in AI technologies with innovation in AI governance. The governance of AI could be achieved in multiple ways, including by assigning a leadership role in this area to a new or existing organisation, which this White Paper calls the ‘Responsible Innovation Organisation’. Such an organisation could combine capacity building, expert advice, governance, leading practices and innovative interventions that foster the benefits of AI while mitigating risks. In testing these hypotheses, it is then necessary to consider what would be the Responsible Innovation Organisation’s key features — its aims, functions, powers, structure and so on.
Accordingly, the questions in this White Paper invite stakeholders to comment on:
- the nature and scope of the challenge for human rights protection posed by the rise of AI
- whether Australia needs a new or existing organisation to lead in the promotion of responsible innovation in AI
- if so, what might be the aims, functions and roles of such an organisation.