Governments around the world are recognising that a ‘carbon-constrained future’ lies ahead, and that leadership is needed to transition economies to low carbon operation, especially in the area of public procurement. By the end of 2014 the world’s largest economies had set ambitious greenhouse gas emissions targets with:
- European Union committing to reducing emissions by at least 40 per cent by 2030 (compared to 1990 levels),
- China committing to 40 to 45 per cent by 2020 (compared to 2005 levels),
- India committing to 20-25 per cent by 2020 (compared to 2005 levels), and
- United States of America committing to 26-28 per cent by 2025 (compared to 2005 levels).
These ambitious targets will create significant pressure to reduce emissions in the coming decades in a manner that delivers ongoing prosperity, jobs, and profits. According to the project leader Karlson ‘Charlie’ Hargroves, this means that ‘we are going to need to quickly move from amazing showcases of green buildings and lighthouse projects that are showing the world how to be more sustainable and transition into updating the structures of our economy’.
The key to preparing to meet such ambitious targets is to have a clear awareness of where we are now, where we would like to go, and how we can get there. This report outlines a roadmap taking actions to deliver on emissions reduction targets in a way that involved various actors across society appropriately.