This report on the use of climate change information for adaptation planning and decision making in the Pacific region has been published as part of the Pacific iCLIM Project.
The project is implemented by Griffith University's Climate Change Response Program, in partnership with the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) to enhance SPREP's role as a regional leader in climate change information and knowledge management.
Building on the strong partnerships developed over the course of the project, Griffith University conducted a situation analysis (April-July 2019) to:
- Develop an understanding of how climate change information was being used for adaptation planning and decision making by technical officers and decision makers within national governments and regional organisations.
- Document good practice and experiences of how information can support adaptation planning and decision making.
The situation analysis examined the use of climate change information by SPREP and national governments of Papua New Guinea, Tonga and Tuvalu to support the broad processes of national adaptation planning and gender and social inclusion. It also looked at specific sectors including road infrastructure in Papua New Guinea and coastal management in Tuvalu.
- The tendency towards deliberative governance and collective decision making in the Pacific lends itself to a values-driven and vulnerability-centered adaptation decision analysis, using both scientific and non-scientific information.
- There is a diverse application of data and information for adaptation planning. Climate and non-climate information is widely applied by national government agencies in policy formulation, project planning, resilience planning, climate action, and communication and reporting.
- National climate change agencies are increasingly playing a role in capturing and generating localised knowledge and brokering information with stakeholders.
- National climate change governance bodies enable collaboration and information sharing, and provide an effective platform for mainstreaming climate change and gender considerations into national adaptation and sectoral planning.
- Challenges relating to information management and systems remain as significant barriers to well-informed and versatile decision making on adaptation. These need to be properly addressed by countries and SPREP to ensure the national adaptation planning processes are strongly supported by institutional policies, procedures, leadership, technology, resourcing and expertise.
The main body of the report presents the consolidated findings. Detailed case studies for SPREP and the three participating countries are presented in the Appendix.