The paper examines how the use of child care, the time parents spend with children, and parental wellbeing relate to parental employment. It looks at four themes: the labour force status and job characteristics of parents with young children; patterns of use of child care and how they vary according to parental employment status; the impact of parental employment on parenting and time spent with children; and the relationship between parental employment status and the wellbeing of parents.

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