This study initially sought to tailor and deliver an existing perpetrator group program for LGBTQ people who use violence, including a concurrent tailored support group for victims/survivors. We aimed to investigate LGBTQ clients’ experiences of the tailored programs, the barriers and enablers to potential clients accessing such programs, and related workforce development needs of both the DFV/ IPV and broader community services sectors. However, due to only a small number of clients engaging in the tailored programs, we revised the focus of the project away from being a pilot study, and instead explored how potential clients of LGBTQ perpetrator and victim/survivor programs may be located and engaged. We also investigated what workforce and sector development would be required for establishing referral pathways into such programs.

This study aimed to develop and implement tailored DFV/IPV programs for LGBTQ people, extend our understanding of how they experience such programs, and provide insights into how to work with sexuality and gender diverse populations affected by DFV/IPV. Due to the small number of clients recruited to the programs, it was not possible to analyse client experiences of the intervention. Despite this limitation, this study provides the largest body of qualitative data on addressing issues for developing and engaging LGBTQ clients in tailored perpetrator and victim/survivor programs to date. This report gives voice to 94 people who were able to describe their concerns and preferences for DFV/IPV program delivery, including insider knowledge from professionals working within frontline mainstream and targeted services. Here, we present our findings with up-to-date policy and practice recommendations to guide future comparable projects. It is our hope that this information will be used to improve services for LGBTQ people experiencing DFV/IPV and increase safety within LGBTQ relationships at risk.

Main recommendations:

  • Make LGBTQ inclusivity training required learning for all DFV/IPV sector staff, particularly those employed in specialised DFV/IPV roles.
  • Develop referral pathways into LGBTQ-friendly DFV/ IPV programs for key professionals, such as court support workers and magistrates.
  • Use social media platforms to increase DFV/IPV awareness in LGBTQ communities and use these channels to engage clients for future programs.
  • Provide ongoing funding to develop, trial and implement tailored programs. Short funding cycles do not provide adequate time to populate groups within an underdeveloped community area.
Publication Details


License type:
ANROWS Research report 10/2020