Smart Cities is a planning movement that uses information technology to develop cities of ‘intelligent’ sense and response. It evolved from the former digital cities planning movement and is distinct from the knowledge cities movement. Global technology giants have started to become urban developers, planning and designing Smart City precincts.
- looks at two of the highest profile Smart City initiatives under this new model;
- explores the spatial strategies being employed, and
- explores possible futures for Australian application.
Two cases are explored in depth: the Sidewalk Labs Quayside development in Toronto, Canada, and the Cisco Smart City Guangzhou development in China. Methods include desktop review and international site visits undertaken in November 2018 and January 2019. Waterfront Toronto’s experience with Quayside demonstrates the strengths of small-scale trials, but also the risks for cities, firms and citizens involved. Cisco’s smart city development in Guangzhou shows how strong state support and spatial strategies are reshaping Chinese cities for the knowledge economy. Conventional public transport investments and disruptive transport innovations are a major element of these initiatives, highlighting the role that the transport sector is playing.