This collection of short papers, developed by the Australian Institute for Machine Learning (AIML) at the University of Adelaide and the Australian Strategic Policy Institute (ASPI), offers a refreshing primer into the world of artificial intelligence (AI) and the opportunities and risks this technology presents to Australia.

AI’s potential role in enhancing Australia’s defence capabilities, strengthening alliances and deterring those who would seek to harm our interests was significantly enhanced as a result of the September 2021 announcement of the AUKUS partnership between the US, the UK and Australia. Perhaps not surprisingly, much public attention on AUKUS has focused on developing a plan ‘identifying the optimal pathway to deliver at least eight nuclear-powered submarines for Australia’.

Currently the AI industry is largely without legislation and regulation. Articles in this report call for government leadership to develop a strong and vibrant AI ecosystem to bring together partnerships with industry and academia to drive innovation, meet national priorities and expand AI exports. This will ensure strong stakeholder participation and dialogue to inform future policy considerations and connect industry and academia with new business opportunities.

This report is a good starting point for individuals looking to better understand the growing role of AI in our lives.

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