Literature review
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How did working from home during COVID-19 impact productivity? A literature review

Labour market disruption Labour force productivity United Kingdom

This paper aims to analyse different approaches used to capture the impact of COVID-19 on labour productivity. To this end, it presents a brief framework for understanding the concept of productivity and the measures most commonly used to determine it. Then, it reviews different empirical studies that have assessed the impact of the pandemic on productivity in particular economies, sectors and firms.

Considering the results of such studies, it is reasonable to conclude that the effects of the pandemic on labour productivity are mainly negative. However, workers’ preferences and firms’ investments in work-from-home adaptation seem to be important elements to understand the possible consequences of this crisis on labour (and productivity) dynamics.

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