There is an increasing concern over solid waste disposal on the islands of Kiribati in the Pacific Ocean. This is especially true on South Tarawa, which is the urban centre of Kiribati (Carden, 2003). The trend over the last few decades (see Figure 1) has been for people from the rural islands of Kiribati to migrate to South Tarawa for educational and employment opportunities (Secretariat of the South Pacific, 2012). An effect of the increased urbanisation is that the people residing on South Tarawa have changed from traditional subsistence living to a more “westernised” lifestyle. As a result, the demand on imported goods together with their high level of packaging has greatly increased the volume of solid waste produced in South Tarawa. The inability to manage this waste effectively has been identified as a major outcome of this increased waste generation rate (Carden, 2003).