The nineteenth Congress of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) recently concluded in Beijing. The twice-a-decade, week-long event allows the General Secretary to report to the CCP on China’s progress under his or her administration and is given permission to continue to rule the country for a further five-year term, for a maximum of two terms or ten years. The current General Secretary of the CCP, who is also the President of China, is Xi Jinping, arguably, the most powerful Chinese leader since Mao Zedong. He appears to have overtaken even Deng Xiaoping, who opened up the Chinese economy to the West in 1972, thus allowing US President Nixon and his Secretary of State and National Security Adviser, Henry Kissinger, to open, in turn, a second front against the USSR. By doing so, Deng set economic forces in motion that have since seen China become the world’s second-largest economy and leading trading nation.
Please note: the companion part two paper can be accessed here