This literature review examined the effectiveness of policies, programs, practices and interventions aimed at strengthening educational and wellbeing outcomes for children and youth of all ages in out-of-home care (OOHC).
There is little rigorous and relevant evidence about educational interventions and outcomes for children in OOHC:
- Of 58 primary studies, only 14 were randomised controlled trials
- The majority of the studies had small sample sizes.
- At least one-third of the studies were reports or dissertations rather than articles in peer-reviewed journals.
- No studies were conducted in Australia. All were conducted in the USA, Canada, the UK or Sweden
In general, the interventions with the most positive results involved:
- Multi-dimensional treatment
- Additional instruction (more so for literacy than numeracy outcomes)
- Natural mentoring