Literature review
Description

This literature review examined the effectiveness of policies, programs, practices and interventions aimed at strengthening educational and wellbeing outcomes for children and youth of all ages in out-of-home care (OOHC).

Key findings:

There is little rigorous and relevant evidence about educational interventions and outcomes for children in OOHC:

  • Of 58 primary studies, only 14 were randomised controlled trials
  • The majority of the studies had small sample sizes.
  • At least one-third of the studies were reports or dissertations rather than articles in peer-reviewed journals.
  • No studies were conducted in Australia. All were conducted in the USA, Canada, the UK or Sweden

In general, the interventions with the most positive results involved:

  • Multi-dimensional treatment
  • Additional instruction (more so for literacy than numeracy outcomes)
  • Natural mentoring

 

Publication Details
Publication Year:
2018