Australia’s geographical location makes it an integral part of both the Pacific and Indian Ocean Regions. Thus, any developments in these waters can pose a direct challenge to Australia’s national security and interests.
As a sea-faring nation heavily dependent on seaborne trade and commerce for its economic prosperity, its maritime threat perceptions are similar to those of other littoral countries. Australia’s trade relies upon secure SLOCs, stretching from the Middle East to North America and beyond. Australia is linked comprehensively, and profitably, to Asia’s economic success.