This paper outlines some of the key findings of two complementary research projects (initially completed under the auspices of the Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute – AHURI completed in 2002 and 2003) both of which studied intra- migration within the Australian states of New South Wales (NSW) and South Australia (SA). Both projects researched the motivations of, and trade-offs made by, income-support recipients (Unemployed, Aged Pensioners, Disabled and Single Parents as defined by Centrelink 2003) in their decisions to move. Each study looked at the importance of housing considerations vis-à-vis other relocation choice factors and changes to the mover’s perceived net welfare. Factors in welfare assessment considered housing, and ‘place’ and ‘life’ satisfaction indicators that encompass a range of social, economic and environmental factors. The first project studied migration out of the cities of Sydney and Adelaide to non-metropolitan NSW and SA – the second studied migration in the opposite direction, that is, from non-metro areas into Sydney and Adelaide. The analyses from these comprehensive studies fill important gaps in the existing literature on migration motives and outcomes between Australian city outflow and inflow patterns. Because these studies were very lengthy and complex in their findings, this paper cannot discuss all aspects of what was uncovered.