Journal article

Completeness of open access FluNet influenza surveillance data for Pan-America in 2005–2019

Journal
Data analytics Data surveillance Health data Influenza Open access Disease management Statistics
Description

Abstract:

For several decades, the World Health Organization has collected, maintained, and distributed invaluable country-specific disease surveillance data that allow experts to develop new analytical tools for disease tracking and forecasting. To capture the extent of available data within these sources, we proposed a completeness metric based on the effective time series length. Using FluNet records for 29 Pan-American countries from 2005 to 2019, we explored whether completeness was associated with health expenditure indicators adjusting for surveillance system heterogeneity. We observed steady improvements in completeness by 4.2–6.3% annually, especially after the A(H1N1)-2009 pandemic, when 24 countries reached > 95% completeness. Doubling in decadal health expenditure per capita was associated with ~ 7% increase in overall completeness. The proposed metric could navigate experts in assessing open access data quality and quantity for conducting credible statistical analyses, estimating disease trends, and developing outbreak forecasting systems.

Publication Details
Peer Reviewed:
Yes
DOI:

10.1038/s41598-020-80842-9

License type:
CC BY
Access Rights Type:
open
Volume:
11