Co-creation, co-design, co-production for public health: a perspective on definition and distinctions
|Co-creation, co-design, co-production for public health: a perspective on definition and distinctions||284.32 KB|
Collaboration between community members, researchers and policy-makers drives efforts to solve complex health problems such as obesity, alcohol misuse, and type 2 diabetes. Community participation is essential to ensure the optimal design, implementation and evaluation of resulting initiatives. The terms ‘co-creation’, ‘co-design’ and ‘co-production’ have been used interchangeably to describe the development of initiatives involving multiple stakeholders. While commonalities exist across these concepts, they have essential distinctions for public health, particularly related to the role of stakeholders and the extent and timing of their engagement. This paper summarises these similarities and differences, drawing from the cross-disciplinary literature to suggest that co-creation is an overarching guiding principle encompassing co-design and co-production. A clear definition of these terms clarifies aspects of participatory action research for community-based public health initiatives.