This report recognises that Australia’s heavy reliance on jobs and economic activities in carbon-based energy systems and industries means a transition to low carbon will have ripple effects across multiple spheres of Australian society.

The report addresses these unique challenges and suggests key principles that government, industry and households can adopt to ensure that decarbonisation of Australia's economy and society is inclusive of all people and places and does not create new harms or inequalities. The principles encourage stakeholders to: 

  • Attend to differences between and within locations and communities in terms of the potential, attributes, and local experience of systems change

  • Carefully consider the different timescales at which just transitions can be implemented across different communities and sectors

  • Engage with models of innovation beyond technology, to acknowledge the role of people, places and communities in social and institutional change needed for decarbonisation

  • Listen to and respect local knowledge, experiences and complexities in everyday life to guarantee lasting impact

  • Consider the distribution of responsibility for essential goods and services as well as fair distribution of costs and benefits among diverse groups

  • Ensure that First Nations peoples, including Traditional Owners, are empowered to participate and lead the transition

  • Encourage inclusive engagement and participation in transitions processes, which will benefit from cross-sectoral coalitions of actors

  • Deliberate and promote transparency on how the benefits and potential negative consequences of decarbonisation are understood and accurately communicated in and for localities and regions.

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