As a growing body of research demonstrates, gender inequality is a defining feature of work and careers in the creative industries. Data from around the world shows that simply by virtue of their gender, women experience a marked disadvantage in key creative and leadership roles in film, television, publishing and theatre. The music industry is no exception to this phenomenon. Reviewing publicly available data, this report demonstrates that there is a significant gender gap in the music industry in Australia. This is an issue of concern for women working, and seeking to work within, the industry. It also has broader economic, social and political implications.