Sensitivity Warning

First Peoples

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples should be aware that this resource may contain images or names of people who have since passed away.


This resource contains information about suicide which may be upsetting to some people.


The high prevalence of mental illness and suicide among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people reflects the significant impact of colonisation, the transmission of trauma across generations, and the ongoing socio- economic marginalisation of Indigenous Australians.

Indigenous Australians have a holistic conceptualisation of health, mental health and wellbeing, outlined by the social and emotional wellbeing framework. Understanding the socio-historical-cultural factors that have shaped the lives of Indigenous Australians, and the cultural views and practices embodied by the domains of the social and emotional wellbeing framework, is essential for effective mental health treatments and suicide prevention initiatives.

This literature review provides essential foundational information, along with statistics on Indigenous mental health prevalence, suicide and self-harm. It provides an overview of contemporary Australian policy responses and directions, and outlines risks and protective factors for mental health and suicide prevention.

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