Conference paper
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This paper attempts to explore short-distance and long-distance migration in Australia. Typically shortdistance moves are regarded as motivated by housing preference while longer-distance migration primarily by employment considerations. Longer-distance migration typically between regions or states as well international migration is widely researched and discussed in policy formulation. Short-distance migration has not received much attention and it is a relatively neglected filed of research. Relocation of a household to a neighbouring suburb involves change of location of housing but it does not always involve change of employment and thus it is a partial migration. On the contrary, longer-distance migration invariably involves change of employment and housing and it is not taken lightly.

The State of Australian Cities (SOAC) national conferences have been held biennially since 2003 to support interdisciplinary policy-related urban research.
This paper was presented at SOAC 5held in Melbourne from 29 November – 2 December 2011.
SOAC 5 was hosted by the University of Melbourne, RMIT University, Monash University, Swinburne University of Technology and Latrobe University as well as the Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute and the Grattan Institute, the Victorian State Government and the City of Melbourne.
Three plenary panels brought researchers from across the country to address ‘big issues’: place-based disadvantage, the design and form of Australian cities, and metropolitan governance. Over 175 papers, in 46 themed sessions, cover topics ranging from planning and governance for environmental sustainability, to housing affordability and adequacy in the context of an aging population. Healthy communities, better public transport, high quality open space, participatory planning, and issues affecting the peri-urban fringe are also strong sub-themes within this conference.
All published papers have been subject to a peer reviewing process.

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