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Australian Jobs allows users to explore a wide range of factors. For example, if you are thinking of a career in a particular industry you may want to look at the range of employing occupations, the main training pathways, the location of jobs and future employment prospects. It can also be used to recognise the value of higher levels of education and training, the competitive nature of the labour market and how to be a successful job applicant.

The analysis in this publication provides an introduction and overview to some of the factors which can be considered in understanding employment conditions and changes which are occurring in the labour market. It also provides links to more detailed information.

The labour market can change quickly, and there is currently a great deal of discussion about the future of work and the role of automation in determining the demand for particular workers. It isn’t easy to forecast future labour market conditions, and it isn’t advisable to base employment and training decisions solely on predicted shortages. It is better to train in an area in which you have an interest and aptitude than choosing a career solely based on expectations about future conditions.

The forward looking information in this report provides some guidance about which industries and occupations are likely to have the strongest employment growth. Sometimes, though, even in occupations that are in high demand, applicants can face significant competition for vacancies. Conversely, employers sometimes have difficulty recruiting for occupations which are not growing very much or are even in decline.

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